syslog-ng Open Source Edition 3.25 - Administration Guide

Preface Introduction to syslog-ng The concepts of syslog-ng Installing syslog-ng The syslog-ng OSE quick-start guide The syslog-ng OSE configuration file source: Read, receive, and collect log messages
How sources work default-network-drivers: Receive and parse common syslog messages internal: Collecting internal messages file: Collecting messages from text files wildcard-file: Collecting messages from multiple text files linux-audit: Collecting messages from Linux audit logs network: Collecting messages using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver) nodejs: Receiving JSON messages from nodejs applications mbox: Converting local email messages to log messages osquery: Collect and parse osquery result logs pipe: Collecting messages from named pipes pacct: Collecting process accounting logs on Linux program: Receiving messages from external applications python: writing server-style Python sources python-fetcher: writing fetcher-style Python sources snmptrap: Read Net-SNMP traps sun-streams: Collecting messages on Sun Solaris syslog: Collecting messages using the IETF syslog protocol (syslog() driver) system: Collecting the system-specific log messages of a platform systemd-journal: Collecting messages from the systemd-journal system log storage systemd-syslog: Collecting systemd messages using a socket tcp, tcp6, udp, udp6: Collecting messages from remote hosts using the BSD syslog protocol— OBSOLETE unix-stream, unix-dgram: Collecting messages from UNIX domain sockets stdin: Collecting messages from the standard input stream
destination: Forward, send, and store log messages
amqp: Publishing messages using AMQP collectd: sending metrics to collectd elasticsearch2: Sending messages directly to Elasticsearch version 2.0 or higher (DEPRECATED) elasticsearch-http: Sending messages to Elasticsearch HTTP Bulk API file: Storing messages in plain-text files graphite: Sending metrics to Graphite Sending logs to Graylog hdfs: Storing messages on the Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) Posting messages over HTTP http: Posting messages over HTTP without Java kafka: Publishing messages to Apache Kafka (Java implementation) kafka: Publishing messages to Apache Kafka (C implementation, using the librdkafka client) loggly: Using Loggly logmatic: Using Logmatic.io mongodb: Storing messages in a MongoDB database network: Sending messages to a remote log server using the RFC3164 protocol (network() driver) osquery: Sending log messages to osquery's syslog table pipe: Sending messages to named pipes program: Sending messages to external applications pseudofile() python: writing custom Python destinations redis: Storing name-value pairs in Redis riemann: Monitoring your data with Riemann slack: Sending alerts and notifications to a Slack channel smtp: Generating SMTP messages (email) from logs snmp: Sending SNMP traps Splunk: Sending log messages to Splunk sql: Storing messages in an SQL database stomp: Publishing messages using STOMP syslog: Sending messages to a remote logserver using the IETF-syslog protocol syslog-ng(): Forward logs to another syslog-ng node tcp, tcp6, udp, udp6: Sending messages to a remote log server using the legacy BSD-syslog protocol (tcp(), udp() drivers) Telegram: Sending messages to Telegram unix-stream, unix-dgram: Sending messages to UNIX domain sockets usertty: Sending messages to a user terminal: usertty() destination Write your own custom destination in Java or Python Client-side failover
log: Filter and route log messages using log paths, flags, and filters Global options of syslog-ng OSE TLS-encrypted message transfer template and rewrite: Format, modify, and manipulate log messages parser: Parse and segment structured messages db-parser: Process message content with a pattern database (patterndb) Correlating log messages Enriching log messages with external data Statistics of syslog-ng Multithreading and scaling in syslog-ng OSE Troubleshooting syslog-ng Best practices and examples The syslog-ng manual pages Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives (by-nc-nd) License Glossary

Shell-style globbing in the selector

Starting with in syslog-ng OSE3.24 and later, you can use shell-style globbing ('*' and '?' wildcards) in the selector. To use globs in a selector:

  1. Use the glob() option within the selector() option in your syslog-ng OSE configuration file, for example:

    parser p_add_context_data {
        add-contextual-data(
            selector("glob(${HOST})"),
            database("context-info-db.csv"),
        );
    };
  2. Use globs and wildcards in the selector column of your CSV-file, for example:

    example-glob-entry1*,sourcetype,:hec:user
    example-glob-entry2*,sourcetype,:hec:user
    postfix*,sourcetype,:hec:mta

Note the following points when using globbing in the selector:

  • The order of the patterns depends on the CSV-file. The order of entries in the database determines the matching order.

  • The globs are matched against the expanded template string sequentially.

  • Put more specific patterns to the top of the CSV-file. The syslog-ng OSE appication does not evaluate other entries after the first match.

  • In debug mode, syslog-ng OSE sends log messages to its internal() destination to help troubleshooting. For example:

    [2019-09-21T06:01:10.748237] add-contextual-data(): Evaluating glob against message; glob-template='$PROGRAM', string='postfix/smtpd', pattern='example-glob-entry1*', matched='0'
    [2019-09-21T06:01:10.748562] add-contextual-data(): Evaluating glob against message; glob-template='$PROGRAM', string='postfix/smtpd', pattern='example-glob-entry2*', matched='0'
    [2019-09-21T06:01:10.748697] add-contextual-data(): Evaluating glob against message; glob-template='$PROGRAM', string='postfix/smtpd', pattern='postfix*', matched='1'
    [2019-09-21T06:01:10.750084] add-contextual-data(): message lookup finished; message='almafa', resolved_selector='postfix*', selector='postfix*', msg='0x8e15320'

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